Mudras and Symbols in Woodcarvings
Flowers like lotus are often seen in woodcarvings, good or divine characters are often compared to flowers, and flowers miraculously fall from the sky as a sign of divine blessing. Conversely, places occupied by demons and rakshasas are described as being flowerless. Flowers are a sign of natural divine beauty because they emerge spontaneously from the earth. Flowers are important in the Hindu religion they are frequently presented as offerings to the gods.
Om (or Aum)
The Om is the most universal of Hindu symbols and its sound is used in meditation. In Hinduism, the word "Om" is the first syllable in any prayer. Om is used to symbolizing the universe and the ultimate reality.
Although this symbol has a negative connotation in some part of the world because of Nazi Germany, the swastika is actually a sign of luck and fortune. This variation of the cross has been present in ancient Hinduism or thousands of years and is used to represent honesty, truth, purity, and stability. Its four angles or points also symbolize the four directions or Vedas.
The Shiva Lingam
The Shiva Lingam, which is used to represent Shiva, it is a vertical cylindrical pillar surrounded by a nearly completely round object with an opening which stretches out to some length. Most of the Hindus worship Lord Shiva in the form of a lingam instead o an idol o Lord Shiva that's why probably there are not many Shiva wood carvings
The Veena is an Indian stringed instrument that represents art and learning. It is also used for the goddess Saraswati and the sage Narada.
One of the most well-known items in Hinduism is the bindi, a dot (often the color red) on a women's forehead. It is a form of the tilak, a symbolic mark worn by many Hindu men and women. Traditionally, It symbolizes female energy and is believed to protect women and their husbands from bad things. Used sometimes on woodcarving masks.
The banyan tree, symbolizes Hinduism, which branches out in all directions, draws from many roots, spreads shade far and wide, yet stems from one great trunk. Siva as Silent Sage sits beneath it, mostly used in panel carvings.
Trishula or the Trident is a prominent Hindu symbol that is associated with Lord Shiva. Though this three-pronged symbol is usually viewed as a weapon used by the Lord for the protection and restoration of Dharma, it actually carries deeper meanings. It is representative of the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh and stands for the balance between the forces of creation, preservation, and destruction.
Shankha (Conch Shell)
Shanka is used both as symbol and as a trumpet in rituals in the past it was used before the start of a war. Shanka is an emblem of the Hindu god, Lord Vishnu.
Nandi is a bull which is also the carrier of Lord Shiva. A Nandi is always found in front of a Shivlina, it is a symbol of Lord Shiva and represents strength and fertility.
The Chakra is a weapon as well a symbol of Lord Vishnu, it is considered the most leathal weapon, it is circular in shape and flat.
The peacock feather is a symbol of Lord Krishna as he used to wear it in his crown
The snake is a symbol of rebirth as it casts its skin after a period of time. Lord shiva always wears a cobra around his neck and Lord Vishnu rests on a snake named Sheshnaga.
An Elephant is a symbol of wisdom, strength, prosperity and good luck. The head of Ganesha is that of an elephant so it is considered a sacred animal by Hindus.
An eagle is a symbol of power and freedom it is also the carrier o Lord Vishnu, in Sanskrit eagle is called Garuda and worshipped by Hindus just like the eagle Jatayu